Looking for the answer to the question below related to Financial Management ?
Exchange rate is the __________________
|A. Opportunity cost at which goods are produced domestically
B. Balance of trade ratio of one country to another
C. Price of one country’s currency expressed in terms of another country’s currency
D. Amount if currency that can be purchased with 1ounce of gold
The Correct Answer Is:
- C. Price of one country’s currency expressed in terms of another country’s currency
The correct answer is C. Exchange rate is the price of one country’s currency expressed in terms of another country’s currency. Exchange rates play a crucial role in international trade and finance, as they determine how much one currency can be exchanged for another. Let’s explore in detail why this answer is correct and why the other options, A, B, and D, are not:
C. Price of one country’s currency expressed in terms of another country’s currency –
This option is correct. The exchange rate represents the relative value of one currency compared to another. It tells you how much of one currency you need to exchange to obtain a unit of another currency. Exchange rates fluctuate based on various economic factors and are essential for international trade, investment, and financial transactions.
Now, let’s examine why the other options are not correct:
A. Opportunity cost at which goods are produced domestically –
This option is incorrect. The exchange rate is not related to the opportunity cost of producing goods domestically. Opportunity cost is a concept from economics that refers to the value of the next best alternative foregone when making a choice. It is not a factor in determining exchange rates.
B. Balance of trade ratio of one country to another –
This option is incorrect. The balance of trade ratio, also known as the trade balance, is the difference between a country’s exports and imports of goods. It is related to the trade of physical goods and is separate from the concept of exchange rates, which involve the relative value of currencies.
D. Amount of currency that can be purchased with 1 ounce of gold –
This option is incorrect. The amount of currency that can be purchased with 1 ounce of gold is not the definition of an exchange rate. Exchange rates are specific to currency pairs, such as the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the euro, and they reflect the relative values of two currencies.
Gold may be used as a store of value and a standard in international finance, but it is not a common reference point for daily exchange rate calculations.
Exchange rates are fundamental to the functioning of the global economy. They impact a wide range of economic activities, including international trade, tourism, foreign investment, and financial markets. Exchange rates can fluctuate for a variety of reasons, such as changes in interest rates, inflation rates, economic stability, and geopolitical events.
Exchange rates are expressed in various ways, including direct quotes and indirect quotes. A direct quote expresses the value of one unit of a domestic currency in terms of a foreign currency, while an indirect quote expresses the value of one unit of a foreign currency in terms of the domestic currency.
For example, a direct quote for the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar (USD) and the euro (EUR) might be USD/EUR 1.20, which means that 1 U.S. dollar is equivalent to 1.20 euros. In contrast, an indirect quote for the same exchange rate would be EUR/USD 0.8333, indicating that 1 euro is equivalent to 0.8333 U.S. dollars.
Exchange rates have a significant impact on trade balances. A stronger domestic currency makes a country’s goods and services more expensive for foreign buyers, which can lead to a decrease in exports and an increase in imports. Conversely, a weaker domestic currency can make a country’s exports more competitive in foreign markets and may lead to an increase in exports and a decrease in imports.
In summary, the correct answer is C. Exchange rate is the price of one country’s currency expressed in terms of another country’s currency. It is a fundamental concept in international finance and is essential for understanding and conducting international trade and financial transactions.
The other options, A, B, and D, do not accurately describe the concept of exchange rates and are related to different economic concepts.
- Current account includes all of the following except _______________
- _________ deals with the global rules of trade between nations.