Working Capital – Meaning, Types, Needs, Sources and Calculation | Management Notes

Working Capital

What is Working Capital

A working capital is another component of the capital that the business needs to meet its day-to-day requirements. Payments to creditor, salaries to workers, raw material purchases, etc., are generally recurring in nature. They can be easily converted to cash. Hence, short-term capital is also known as working capital. A key aspect of financial management is the management of working capital. Short-term finance is primarily concerned with the liquidity and profitability of the business concern. Working capital management helps business concerns improve their operating performance, as well as meet their short-term liquidity needs.

Therefore, it is not only a part of financial management but also the overall management of a business concern to study working capital management. According to the definition, working capital refers to the capital that is not fixed but it is usually defined as the difference between current assets and current liabilities.

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